Iran is a land that has raised artists, scholars and kings who have been proud of their high reputation throughout the globe. Today, the great men of history have been calm down somewhere in the country, but their name is still famous. The familiarity of their lives and their work is interesting and useful to any tourist that want to know more about the culture and history of Iran.
Historical tombs of Iran have unique architectures and are very beautiful. Such tombs are inside beautiful gardens, not among other graves in a cemetery. The decoration of the settings around it and the monument built for them are parts of the whole honor dedicated to them.
1. Hafez Mausoleum, Shiraz City
Hafez or Hafiz is one of the most famous Gnostics and poets of Iran. He is considered the Shakespeare of Iran and a source of national pride.
Hafez’s tomb lies in the Musalla Gardens, inside an open pavilion encircled by eight columns, topped with a mosaic tiled dome that glows beautifully when lit at night. The current pavilion and surrounding memorial structures were designed by the French architect and archaeologist André Godard in 1935.
2. Ferdowsi Mausoleum, Tus City
Ferdowsi was a highly revered Persian poet and the author of the epic of Shahnameh (the Persian “Book of Kings”), which is the world’s longest epic poem.
The basic structure of the tomb is rectangular with a large garden surrounding the structure and interacting with the structure in the Persian style of gardening known as Char-bagh (or Chaharbagh translating to four gardens in Persian). Worked with marble, each side of the main building is adorned by verses from the Shahnameh in the Nasta'liq script. It was designed in the early 1930s by Karim Taherzadeh Behzad and rebuilt by Hooshang Seyhoun in 1964.
3. Avicenna Mausoleum, Hamadan City
Avicenna (also known as Ibn Sina) was a Persian polymath who is regarded as one of the most significant physicians, astronomers, thinkers and writers and the father of early modern medicine.
Designed by Hooshang Seyhoun, it was built in 1952, replacing an older building dedicated to Avicenna which was destroyed in 1950. The tower of the tomb has been constructed with cement and pieces of hard stone. In the midst of the twelve panels of the tower, there is a bronze or 'gunmetal' cube and a conical chest at the top.
4. Sa’di Mausoleum, Shiraz City
Sa’di is widely recognized as one of the greatest poets of the classical literary tradition. He is recognized for the quality of his writings and the depth of his social and moral thoughts.
The grave is inside an octagonal edifice on top of which stands an amazing azure blue dome and inside the mausoleum all around the walls are inscribed with verses of Saadi’s poems. Inside the mausoleum yard and in front of the entrance of the tomb lies a beautiful pond. The current building is designed by Mohsen Foroughi.
5. Hakim Omar Khayyam Mausoleum, Nayshabur City
Khayyam was a Persian mathematician, astronomer, philosopher, and poet who is widely considered to be one of the most influential scientists of the middle ages.
At first Omar's grave was situated in the shrine of Imamzadeh Muhammad Mahruk. Then the tomb was separated from the shrine, and a white marble monument, designed by the architect Hooshang Seyhoun, was erected over it. This structure is a high tomb made of iron and stone, consisting of ten bases, which have geometrical shapes and are connected to each other.
6. Attar Nayshaburi Mausoleum, Nayshabur City
Attar Nayshaburi was a Persian poet, theoretician of Sufism, and hagiographer who had an immense and lasting influence on Persian poetry and Sufism.
His mausoleum was built by Amir Ali Shir Nava'I in the 16th century then renovated and decorated in 1935. This structure is octagonal in shape with a tile worked onion shaped dome. This historical structure has been tastefully adorned with colored (green, yellow and blue) tiles and carvings and the interior site is covered by plaster. The Mausoleum is located in a garden covering an area of about 119 sq.m.
7. Baba Taher Mausoleum, Hamadan City
Baba Taher was a Persian poet. His poetry is written in Hamedani dialect of Persian language.
This tomb, designed by Mohsen Foroughi, is located in a park, surrounded by flowers and winding paths. The building is on the basis of an octagon. Eight pillars of the tower, stone slabs of the tomb and its base, together with the steps and the surrounding paved area, are all of sculptured granite. Within the internal area are 24 pieces of marble affixed, each having a verse from the poems of this reputed personality.